DESIGN OF A MICRO-HYDRO POWER PLANT

ABSTRACT

The major importance of this thesis is first to carry out a literature review of the design parameters and technical specifications required to design a working MHP System. After review of the theory and principles of Micro-Hydro System design; these principles are applied to the real case in Kutus waterfall where there is a potential Micro-Hydro Project. The field data required to design the civil components of the micro-hydro project were derived from Water and Resources Management Authority. The micro- hydro designed was of "run-of-the-river" type. The primary components designed in this study are intake structures, headrace canal, forebay tank, sedimentation basin and the penstock assembly. Only these specific civil structures are designed in this study. The design of other powerhouse and distribution components is beyond the scope of this study and so are selected based on the design criteria from the literature. Despite these shortcomings, the system designed is plausible, applicable and principally sound in the real life case of Kutus waterfall. System components that are designed are illustrated with AutoCAD wherever possible. The contribution of this thesis is its practical implementation of the principle of micro-hydro system design in a real life situation and specific considerations in the case of Kenyan rivers.